The perfect git workflow!
It's strangely hard to find documentation on the git workflow to follow to keep a clean commit history when you want to merge external contributions.
First enable rebasing by default
As it's written on live.gnome.org, many users find that they happen to do "git pull --rebase" most of the time. Would be nice if "git pull" simply did that by default. You can set that up for the master branch of all your repositories by:
git config --global branch.master.rebase true
An upstream project
For our example, we've an upstream project with only one commit called C1
git add hello.c
git commit -m "C1"
As contributor, you can fork as usual and commits your changes on a specific branch (newfeature).
git clone upstream fork
git checkout -b newfeature
git commit -a -m "C2"
When you're ready to ask for a pull request, sync with upstream project with a final "git pull" to help the maintainer to merge your patches (it's not mandatory).
Back to upstream
In the meantime, it's possible some new commits have landed in upstream.
As maintainer, you receive an email: "Could you merge my branch, please?", so you add the repository to your remote list to fetch the content:
git remote add fork ../fork/
git fetch fork
and create a branch to rebase the contributor work in a separated branch:
git checkout -b fork fork/newfeature (and resolve if necessary)
git rebase master
You can now apply the fast-forward merge on your master branch
git checkout master
git merge fork
You're done with a nice commit history w/o ghost commits.
On the contributor side
Just delete your branch because after a rebase in upstream, your branch is certainly broken so it's time to cleanup:
git branch -D newfeature
Thanks to Staz and Dodji on #gnomefr chan.